Speech-language pathology is a medical field that specializes in speech and language disorders. And these unfortunates conditions may happen to a person at a later stage in their life. Stroke, head trauma, and psychological trauma are some examples of the causes of speech disorders.
Specifically, speech pathology deals with problems in these areas:
Speech sounds determine how we say sounds and put sounds together into words. Other words for these problems are articulation or phonological disorders, apraxia of speech, or dysarthria.
Our ability to understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking is considered as our language ability. In adults, this problem may be called aphasia.
Literacy is the next level of both our speech and language abilities. It is our ability to read and write. People with speech and language disorders may also have trouble reading, spelling, and writing.
Communication is not an isolated phenomenon. We observe rules, like taking turns, how to talk to different people, or how close to stand to someone when talking. This is also called pragmatics.
how our voices sound. We may sound hoarse, lose our voices easily, talk too loudly or through our noses, or be unable to make sounds.
Fluency is how well speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds, like t-t-t-table, use “um” or “uh,” or pause a lot when talking. Many young children will go through a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it. However, some also experience the condition for life, like the Tourette syndrome, for example.
Cognitive communication is how our minds work. Problems may involve memory, attention, problem-solving, organization, and other thinking skills.
Feeding and Swallowing
Our speech organs are also parts of our digestive system. When there are abnormalities when a person swallows food or drinks a liquid, it belongs to the specialty of speech pathologists too. A swallowing disorder may lead to poor nutrition, weight loss, and other health problems. This is also called dysphagia.
Now that you understand how various speech disorders are, you should know when to seek treatment when needed. Everyday Independence Speech Pathology, for instance, provides speech treatments for those who show the described symptoms.
Speech problems may look like a subtle disorder at first. But if you leave them untreated, they can negatively impact the person’s development and mental health. It is better to consult an expert immediately.